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Jets appear in a wide range of astrophysical sources. In extragalactic systems, they signal accretion onto a supermassive black hole, providing unique testbeds in which to probe an array of fundamental physics processes. Over the past decade, major advances have been made in understanding jets due to the advent of an unprecedented number of space- and ground-based telescopes covering the entire electromagnetic spectrum, in parallel with commensurable progress in theory and simulations. This is an important juncture to organize an IAU meeting in 2014 to bring together the community of jet researchers to synthesize the collected knowledge in order to confront outstanding problems in the field. With the realization of the SKA, LSST, and CTA in the coming decade, all likely to be situated in the southern hemisphere, the meeting location was selected to help motivate and facilitate future collaborations with researchers in South America.
Ecuador has an astronomical tradition that came from the ancient and most developed cultures in America that habitated these lands for millennia. Among the most famous, the Quitus whose astronomical knowledge allowed them to determine with great precision the location of the equinoctial line (zero latitude), having happened two thousand years ago before the arrival of the France Geodesic Mission of 1736 that reached the same conclusion through measuring a precise arc of the Earth's meridian. Moreover, the word in ancient indigenous quechua languages means the middle of world and the middle of time, and this is the origin of the name of the contemporary Capital city of Ecuadorians, Quito.
Another great culture is the Inca Empire that ran along the Pacifíc coast and Andean highlands from the northern border of what are today called Ecuador to the Maule River in Chile. The Ancient Inca built aqueducts, cities, temples, fortresses, tunnels, suspension bridges, large roads and had a great understanding of mathematics and agriculture and they also knew about hydraulics, astronomy, architecture and military strategy. The great astronomical understanding of ancient cultures of Ecuador have been recorded in archaeological vestiges and ceremonial-astronomical sites preserved until today. Nowadays, this tradition continues when in 1873 was founded one of America's oldest observatories (in the meaning of specialized research institution). Its first director was Juan Bautista Menten, who directed and planned the construction of the Observatory. This was a world-class astronomical observatory located in Quito just arc minutes south of the equator. It is in a gorgeous old building that was completely restored just three years ago under the Direction of Ericson Lopez.
Located inside the Alameda park is at a walking distance from the historical center of the city. The Observatory belongs to the Escuela Politécnica Nacional (EPN) and it is in charge of the scientific development of astronomy and astrophysics in the country.
For more information about the Quito Astronomical Observatory visit this site: http://oaq.epn.edu.ec